Turkish carpet is a term of convenience, commonly used today to denote rugs and carpets woven by various ethnicities in the geographic region of Asia minor and the adjacent regions, which formerly belonged to the Ottoman Empire.
It is useful to distinguish between the original Turkmen tribal rugs and the rugs produced in large numbers for export mainly in Pakistan and Iran today.
They were by tradition a nomadic pastoral people, living in tent villages and raising sheep, goats, horses, camels, asses, and cattle.
With the help of irrigation and fertilizers, those Turkmen who were under Soviet rule took up agriculture, and their stock breeding is no longer nomadic. Flight into the Soviet Union was in vain, and they fled back.
Most women possess a host of highly specialized skills and crafts, especially those connected with the household and its maintenance. Throughout the centuries, the territory of preset day Turkmenistan has been subjected to numerous civilizations, such as Persian empires, the conquest of Alexander the Great, Muslims, Mongols, Turkic peoples, and Russians.
Throughout most of the 20th century it was part of the Soviet Union, until its fall in 1991.