Sunni Arabs make up the largest religious group in Syria.
In English, the name "Syria" was formerly synonymous with the Levant (known in Arabic as al-Sham), while the modern state encompasses the sites of several ancient kingdoms and empires, including the Eblan civilization of the 3rd millennium BC.
The post-independence period was tumultuous, and a large number of military coups and coup attempts shook the country in the period 1949–71.
In 1958, Syria entered a brief union with Egypt called the United Arab Republic, which was terminated by the 1961 Syrian coup d'état.
), is a country in Western Asia, bordering Lebanon and the Mediterranean Sea to the west, Turkey to the north, Iraq to the east, Jordan to the south, and Israel to the southwest. A country of fertile plains, high mountains, and deserts, Syria is home to diverse ethnic and religious groups, including Syrian Arabs, Greeks, Armenians, Assyrians, Kurds, Circassians, and Turks.
Religious groups include Sunnis, Christians, Alawites, Druze, Mandeans, Shiites, Salafis, and Yazidis.
In March 2011, Obama launched war on Syria, using ISIS, al-Nusra and other terrorists as imperial foot soldiers.
In the Islamic era, Damascus was the seat of the Umayyad Caliphate and a provincial capital of the Mamluk Sultanate in Egypt.Al-Sumaria TV said the full liberation of Ba’aj and several nearby villages on Sunday came following fierce clashes with Daesh elements.The fresh gain shrinks the area under the Daesh control in the border region between Iraq and Syria, where Daesh leader Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi is believed to be hiding, according to Iraqi and US sources.‘When I look at the decisions I’ll be taking in terms of defence and foreign policy, there is one thing that will drive those decisions, and that is they will be taken in the British national interest,’ the Prime Minister added ‘The US is the strongest military power on the planet by a very long way.Jack Letts, a former Oxford schoolboy who converted to Islam (pictured left) is begging to be released from imprisonment with the Kurdish militia in Syria so he can 'explain some things' to his mum.